Press Photography VS Photograph

Press photography are photographs that takes captures photo’s for the news, documentarty, newspapers and magazines.  They are used to show the public a “real” picture of events and people.  They are usually skilful, diplomatic people, who work under pressure to capture the best possible images to document events, tell a story, meet the picture editor’s deadlines and help sell the document. Press Photographers may be employed by the publication but an increasing number work on commission as freelancers. Press Photographers produce photographs of current events, and the people involved in them, on a daily basis, for national or local newspapers, news magazines and press agencies.

On national newspapers it is usual for Press Photographers to specialise in a particular field, such as sports, politics or media such as capturing celebrities. Press Photographers may be employed by the publication but an increasing number work on commission as freelancers. Press Photographers produce photographs of current events, and the people involved in them, on a daily basis, for national or local newspapers, news magazines and press agencies.

Press photograph’s should not be altered because it is suppossed to give a real representation while it happens.  If a press photograph becomes altered it can and will cause controversy.

Two examples of Press Photography

Photography by Jodi Bieber  

This photo was the winner of World Photo Press 2010 and was captured to bring awareness of women who live in danger and to address the violence against women.

Photography by Michael Würtenberg

This photo was the main prize winner in Swiss Press Photo 2007. It was captured on the Aletsch Glacier to highlight the vulnerability of the melting glaciers.  It was organized by Greenpeace in collaboration with a US artist Spencer Tunick, August 18,  2007.

Two example of Art Photography

Photography by Reinfried Marass

Photography by Boogie

“Boogie” of New York born of Yugaslavian decent specializes in photographs of the streets to remind him of the war on the streets in Serbia.

The NPPA, “The National Press Photographers Association”, a professional society that promotes the highest standard photographers Association address a few rules and regulations in press photography.   Journalism acknowledges concern for every person’s need both to be fully informed about public events and to be recognized as part of the world in which we live  and that if a photograph is going to be manipulated and if this action change the concept, the context and the message, it is not a photograph anymore and it  gets the name of a photo-illustration thus meaning that no manipulations in any ways or form are allowed.  Press photographs must be accurate and fact based and must portray reality and are practiced  in the rules of journalistic ethics.

On the other hand, art photographs as oppose to press photographs are able to be manipulated and altered due to the fact that they are not being released into the press.  These types of photographs have the the ability to take on a new art form of art.  The photographer and the graphic designer may work with these photo’s to create something more delusional without taking credit for the entire photo.

Photography by David Blazquez (Art Photography)

Photography by Phillip Toledano (Art Photography)

Art photography and press photography are both taking with a camera which is the only similarity between them.  Altering art photographs is acceptable because it is up to the photographer what it is that they want to portray.  Art photography is an art form used to create something that makes one ask, “Is this reality? or is it not?”.  Photography is not an absolute “reality nor an unqualified “truth” but a form of art in which it takes the same form as a paint brush that creates an illusion of reality.  Press photography is to create pictures  events of and people for news coverage in newspapers, magazines and wire services to show a reality of an event.  If press photo’s are altered or manipulated it would cause contriversy and confusion since they are to be exact realistic images of a point in time.  It is considered unethical to manipulate press photos and can also be punishable if done.

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